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古玩城2020精品推荐第九期:清钱币一组

来源:作者:编辑: admin时间:2020-11-19 19:43

乾隆通宝,是清高宗乾隆时期(1736-1795年)的流通货币。乾隆皇帝在位的60年里施展其“文治武功”的治国策略,创造了封建社会里最后一个辉煌盛世,之后民间便盛传佩带“乾隆通宝”铜钱可驱灾辟邪,又因乾隆二字谐音“钱隆”而备受后世藏家所喜爱。乾隆通宝的铸造工艺了得,奠基了该古钱币在将来钱币珍藏界中的重要位置,这不只反映了该时代的经济开展程度,还表现了该历史时期极为精湛的铸币工艺,有着极为深厚的历史研究意义。

Tongbao of Qianlong was the currency of Qianlong period (1736-1795). During the 60 years of Emperor Qianlong's reign, he carried out his strategy of "governing the country with culture and martial arts", which created the last glorious era in the feudal society. Later, it was widely said that wearing "Qianlong Tongbao" copper coins could drive away disasters and evil spirits. Because of the homonym "Qianlong", it was loved by later collectors. The casting technology of Qianlong Tongbao is excellent, which lays the foundation for the important position of the ancient coins in the future coin collection. It not only reflects the economic development degree of the era, but also shows the extremely exquisite casting technology of the historical period, which has a profound historical research significance.

嘉庆通宝铸于清仁宗嘉庆年间。嘉庆时出现了一些楷书钱文,如嘉庆万寿楷书大钱,有光背及背巨星二式,可能是西南地区所铸。按清初以来的制钱不讲究书法,但嘉庆宝黔局小平却有一种楷书钱文,写得清秀工整,令人耳目一新。嘉庆钱背还出现了草书钱文,如嘉庆通宝背桂桂、康康、寿寿,均是右楷左草,估计也属宫钱性质。

Jiaqing Tongbao was cast in the reign of zongjiaqing. During Jiaqing period, some regular articles appeared, such as Jiaqing Wanshou regular big money, with two styles of light back and back superstar, which may have been cast in Southwest China. According to the money making since the early Qing Dynasty, there was no emphasis on calligraphy, but Xiaoping of jiaqingbao Guizhou bureau had a kind of regular , which was neat and fresh. In Jiaqing, there are also cursive money texts on the back of money, such as GuiGui, Kangkang and Shoushou on the back of Tongbao in Jiaqing, all of which are right regular and left cursive, which are also estimated to be palace money.

 

康熙通宝,清代钱币。铸于清圣祖康熙年间。康熙通宝按照背面文字可以分成两大类:一类是仿“顺治四式”的满文钱。钱背满文“宝泉”、“宝源”左读,是户、工两部所造。另外一类是仿“顺治五式”满汉文钱。康熙通宝有小平及当十大钱。除宝源、宝泉二局以满文纪局外,各省均以满汉字纪局名,穿左铸满文,穿右铸汉文。各省铸钱均为小平。折十大钱为宝源局所铸,面文离郭隔轮,背满文宝源列穿左右。

Kangxi Tongbao, coins of Qing Dynasty. It was cast in the reign of Emperor Kangxi. According to the characters on the back, Kangxi Tongbao can be divided into two categories: one is the Manchu money imitating the four types of Shunzhi. Qian Beiman's left reading of "Baoquan" and "Baoyuan" is made by the household and the industry. The other is to imitate "Shunzhi five styles" in Chinese. Kangxi Tongbao has Xiaoping and ten big money. In addition to Baoyuan and Baoquan bureaus, all provinces are named after the Bureau of Manchu characters, with Manchu characters on the left and Chinese characters on the right. All the money cast in each province is Xiaoping. The ten large coins were cast by Baoyuan Bureau. The face text was separated from Guo's wheel, and the back full of Baoyuan was arranged around.

顺治通宝是满清入关后铸行的第一种钱币,从最初的仿明钱铸币到逐步完善为规范系统的满清币制,它的铸行过程是清朝建立初期对币制不断探索和总结的过程。此后自康熙以来,清朝历代的铸币都是依照顺治钱式铸造。

Shunzhi Tongbao is the first coin that was cast after the entry of the Qing Dynasty. Its casting process is a process of continuous exploration and summary of the currency system in the early Qing Dynasty. Since then, the coins of the Qing Dynasty have been minted according to the Shunzhi style.

 

雍正通宝铸造时,清王朝正处在康乾盛世的顶峰期,相比之后的乾隆通宝,嘉庆通宝而言,它的质量较大,对通货的控制能力也较强。而相比之前的顺治通宝而言,由于雍正年间处在清朝最鼎盛的时期,社会安定,作为盛世的产物,雍正通宝的版式最为简单。

At the time of Yongzheng Tongbao's casting, the Qing Dynasty was at the peak of KangQian era. Compared with Qianlong Tongbao and Jiaqing Tongbao, its quality was higher and its control over currency was stronger. Compared with Shunzhi Tongbao, Yongzheng Tongbao was in the most prosperous period of the Qing Dynasty, with stable society. As a product of the prosperous period, the layout of Yongzheng Tongbao was the simplest.

 

道光通宝铸于清宣宗道光年间(1821-1850年)。钱文"道光通宝"四字以楷书书写.从上而下而右而左直读,钱背是记有宝局二十名的满文。道光通宝形制特点基本与嘉庆钱相同,所不同者只是新疆际克苏、库车因缺少黄铜而开始铸折五当十升值平钱,这是清代虚值大钱的滥觞。

Daoguang Tong Bao was cast during the Reign of Daoguang emperor Xuanzong of the Qing Dynasty (1821-1850). Qian Wen "Dao Guang Tong Bao" four characters written in regular script. From top to bottom and right and left straight read, money back is to remember the treasure bureau of twenty Manchu. The shape and system characteristics of Daoguang Tongbao are basically the same as those of Jiaqing money, except that the lack of brass in Jikesu and Kuche in Xinjiang province led to the casting of the 50 percent discount and 10 percent appreciation money, which was the beginning of the imaginary money in the Qing Dynasty.

 

此组钱币大小合适,尺寸规范,铸于清朝历代皇帝。历经无穷岁月的洗礼,钱币表面有轻微磨损,但不影响其整体美感,反而多了一分历史沧桑感,历史沉淀丰富,过渡性自然,历史价值深厚,收藏意义非凡。此组钱币为方孔圆钱,边廓略宽,色泽素雅,包浆醇厚。钱文端庄大气,字体深邃挺拔,横直竖立,遒劲有力,书法艺术价值颇高。整币设计简约大气,古朴典雅,色泽自然,纹饰深浅适度,钱文轮廓的清晰程度较好,品相完好,铸造精美,工艺精湛,是匠师匠心独运之佳作。

This group of coins is of suitable size and standard size, and was cast in the emperors of the Qing Dynasty. After endless years of baptism, the surface of coins has been slightly worn, but it does not affect the overall aesthetic feeling. On the contrary, it has a sense of historical vicissitudes. It is rich in historical deposits, transitional nature, profound historical value and great significance for collection. The coins of this group are round coins with square holes, slightly wide margin, plain color and mellow coating. Qian wenduanzhuang's style is magnificent, the font is deep and straight, upright, vigorous and powerful, and the calligraphy art value is quite high. The design of the coin is simple and atmospheric, simple and elegant, natural color, moderate depth of decoration, clear outline of the coin, good appearance, exquisite casting and exquisite workmanship. It is a masterpiece of craftsman's ingenuity.

 

 

 

 

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